Carlos the Jackal : Third French life sentence for notorious militant

This combination of file pictures created on March 28, 2017 shows (L-R) a portrait of Venezuelan self styled revolutionary Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, also known as "Carlos the Jackal" taken in the early 1970s, Ramirez arriving to face trial at the Palais de Justice in Paris on March 7, 2001 and arriving at the Criminal Court of the Palais de Justice in Paris on December 9, 2013.Image copyright

Image caption

Carlos the Jackal photographed in the early 1970s, in 2001 and in 2013

Carlos the Jackal, a notorious Venezuelan militant serving two life sentences, has been handed a third by a French court.

The self-styled revolutionary, whose real name is Ilich Ramirez Sanchez and is now 67, was convicted of a 1974 grenade attack on a Paris shop.

Ramirez threw a grenade into the shopping area, killing two and injuring 32 others, the court found.

He denied the charges and called the trial, 43 years later, “absurd”.

Born into a wealthy Venezuelan family, Ramirez studied in Moscow before joining the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. He converted to Islam in 1975.

When his latest trial began in early March, he said that any killings he had committed had been carried out in the name of “the revolution” and condemned “scavenging” lawyers and “Zionist interests”.

“No-one has executed more people than me in the Palestinian resistance,” he said, “[and] I am the only survivor. In all the fighting, there were collateral victims, it’s unfortunate.”

Once the world’s most wanted fugitive, he was captured by elite French police in the Sudanese capital Khartoum in 1994.

By the time of his arrest, he had earned a reputation as a Marxist militant who had masterminded deadly bomb attacks, assassinations and hostage-takings.

He got his nickname after a copy of Frederick Forsyth’s novel The Day of the Jackal was found among his belongings.

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